## ODISHA SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHER ELIGIBILITY TEST (OSSTET)

The Odisha Secondary Teacher Eligibility Test shall be conducted once in a year.

### PAPER - 1

 OSSTET Syllabus
[ ENGLISH-20 Marks ]
1.Comprehension:
a) From an unseen passage in about 100 words
b)From a Poem
c)Grammar and Usage
d)Speaking (commonly mispronounced words)

Testing of reading comprehensions of an passage through:
1. Global Questions (Skimming to get the gist)
2. Factual questions
3. Refferential questions (what / who does a pronoun stand for in the given passage)
4.Inferential Questions - Draw inference based on the context
5.Vocabulary-Antonyms, Synonyms
6.Language Usage
Testing reading comprehension of a Poem through :
1. Global Questions
2. Factual questions
3. Vocabulary in the text - antonym, synonym
4.Inferential Questions
Testing of grammar and usage :
1.Prepositions
2.Direct and Indirect speech
3.Passives
4.Tense
5.Identification of error in a sentence
6.Phrasal Verbs
7.Clause Patterns
8.Punctuations
9.Types Of Sentences
10.Spelling
11.Agreement of verbs with subjects

#### Section-3 [ PCM ]

[ PHYSICS-20 Marks ]

#### Unit-1 [ Motion ]

Newton's laws of motion, Kinetic Equations of motion with acceleration, Graphical representation of kinematic equations of motion, Relative velocity and relative relative acceleration, Work Energy and Power, Conservation of energy, collision problem and Conservation of linear momentum, Forces of nature, Frictional force, Circular motion Rotational Kinematics, conservation of Angular Momentum, moment of Inertia, Motion under Gravity, Projectile Motion, ssimple harmonic Motion and kinematics of simple harmonic motion, simple pendulum.

Unit-2 [ Gravitation ]

Kepler's law of planetory motion, newton's law of gravitation, Acceleration due to gravity. Gravitational field and potential, Escape velocity and satellite Motion, Geo-stationary Satellites.

Unit-3 [ Properties Of Matter ]

Inter-atomic and Intermolecular force, Elasticity, Stress, Strain and Hook's law, Elastic Module.
Kinetic theory of gases, concept of heat, pressure and temperature, specific heat, laws of equi-partition of energy, Universal Gas laws, Measurement of pressure.

Surface tension, surface energy, angles of contact, excess pressure, Capillarity, viscosity, poiseuilles's law, stoke's law Bernoulli's equation of fluid motion.

Hydrostatics, Buoyancy, Archimedes principle, Laws of flotation.

Unit-4 [ Sound ]

Waves, Progressive and Stationary waves, Mechanical waves, equation of a wave, transverse vibration of a string, speed of sound waves, Newton's formula, Superposition of sound waves, Beats, Echo, Doppler effect, Musical sound and it's characteristics.

Unit-5 [ Optics ]

Laws of reflection and refraction in transparent medium, total internal reflection, Refraction through prism, Dispersion, Reflection and image formation in plane and spherical mirrors, equation for object and image distances for spherical mirrors, image formation in convex and concave lenses, lens equation for convex and concave lenses, power of single and combination of two lenses. Image formation in the eye and defects of vision, microscope and astronomical telescope.
Wave optics, Huygen's principle, Coherent sources and interference, Youngs double slit, Bi-prism, Newton's ring experiments, Diffraction of light through single slit, and plane transmission grating.

Unit-6 [ Electrostatics ]

Coulomb's law and unit of charge, force on a charge due to discrete and continuous charge distributions, lines of force and electric field, field due to a point charge and a dipole, electrostatic potential, potential due to a point charge and an electric dipole, electric potential energy of a group of point charges, electric flux, Gauss law and applications. Capacitor, capacitance of parallel plate and spherical capacitor, combination of capacitors in series and parallel.

Unit-7 [ Current Electricity ]

Ohm's law, Current and Voltage measurements, Resistance and Registivity, Combination of resistances in series and parallel, electromotive force, grouping of resistors and cells, Kirchhoff's law and their properties. Electric energy and power, heating effect of electric current, Faraday's law of electrolysis. Magnetic field and magnetic induction, Biot-Savart law, Magnetic field due to a straight conductor, a circular coil and solenoid carrying current. Ampere's circuital law, Lorentz force on a charge particle in uniform electric and magnetic fields. Force between two parallel conductors carrying current.

Unit-8 [ Electromagnetic Induction ]

Faraday's law of electromagnetic induction, Lenz's law, eddy current, self and mutual induction, emf induced in a rotating coil. Alternative current, average  RMS values of alternating current, simple AC circuits (RC, RL and RLC),concept of admittance and impedance. Transformers and simple AC devices (motor, dynamo).

[ CHEMISTRY ]

Unit-1 [ BASIC CONCEPTS ]

Atomic, molecular and equivalent masses, mole concept, types of chemical reactions, calculations based on stoichiometry. Equivalent massed acid, base, salt, oxidant and reductant.

Unit-2 [ States of matter ]

Gas laws -- Boyle's law, Charle's law, combined gas equation, ideal gas equation, Graham's law of diffusion / effusion, Dalton's law of partial pressure.

Characteristics of Liquids : Vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension. Colligation properties of solutions ( solute and solvent forming binary solution ).

Unit-3 [ Structure of atom ]

Bohr's model and its limitation, concept of shells and sub-shells, dual nature of matter of matter and light, De Broglie's relationship, Heisenberg uncertainity principle, concept of orbitals, quantum numbers, shape of s, p and d orbitals, rules of filling orbitals - Aufbau principle and hund's rule, electronic configuration pf atoms, stability of half filled completely filled orbitals.

Unit-4 [ Classification and elements and periodicity in properties ]

Modern periodic law and the present form of periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements--atomic radii, ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, valency.

Unit-5 [ Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure ]

Ionic bond, covalent bond, polar character of covalent bond, covalent character of ionic bond, concept of hybridisation, VSEPR theory and shapes of some simple molecules, hydrogen bond and metallic bond.

Unit-6 [ Chemical Reactions ]

Types of chemical reactions, redox reaction. oxidation number calculation, balancing of redox equations by oxidation number and ion electron methods. Neutralization reactions and volumetric analysis.

Unit-7 [ Chemical Equilibria and Equilibria ]

(i) Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, law of mass action, equilibrium constants (Ke, Kp and Kx), relation among them, the reaction quotient and its relation with equilibrium Chatelier's principle and its applications.

(ii) Theories of acids and bases, ionization of weak acids and based ionic product of water pH and other logarithemic terms, common ion effect, solubility product and its application in salt analysis.

Unit-8 [ General Principles of Extraction of Metals ]

Occurance of metals, ores and minerals, concentration, calcinations, roasting, smelting, reduction methods ( carbon reduction, aluminothermic process, electrolytic and self-reductions ) and metal extraction, flux and slag, refining of metals. Reactions involved in the Blast Furnace for the extraction of ion.

Unit-9 [ Some Basic Principles in Organic Chemistry ]

(i) Classification and IUPAC nomenclature or organic compounds.

(ii) Electronic displacement in a covalent bond : inductive effect, electronic effect, resonance and hyper conjugation.

(iii) Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond : free radicals carbocations, carbonions, electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions.

Unit-10 [ Hydrocarbons ]

(i) Aliphatic hydrocarbons : General methods of preparation, properties and uses of alkanes, alkenes and alkynes.

(ii) Aromatic hydrocarbons : Benzene-- resonance aromaticity, chemical properties, directive influence of functional group in monosubstituted benzone.

[ Mathematics ]

Unit-1 [ Set Theory and its Application ]

Union Intersection, Difference Complement, Power Set, Number of elements in union and inter-section of finite sets.

Unit-2 [ Relations and Functions ]

Reflexive, Symmetric, Transitive and Equivalence relations, Injective, Surjective and Bijective Functions, Inverse of a function

Unit-3 [ Number System ]

Natural numbers, integers, rational numbers, irrational number, real number, absolute value of numbers, triangle inequality.

Unit-4 [ Quadratic Equations ]

Fundamental theorem of Algebra, roots, discriminants, nature of roots, relation between the roots and coefficients.

Unit-5 [ Group ]

Group, semi-group, monoid, finite group, abilian group, sub-group, co-set, Langrange's theorem, normal sub groups.

Unit-6 [ Calculus of one variable ]

Limit, Continuity, Derivative, Tangent, Normal, increasing and decreasing functions

Unit-7 [ Sequence and Series ]

Arithmetic and Geometric Progression, monotonic sequence exponential series, logarithmic series, Taylor's series, Maclaurins series.

Unit-8 [ Coordinate Geometry ]

Distance formula,  section formula, area of a triangle, locus and its equation, straight line, circle, conic section.

Unit-9 [ Analytical Solid Geometry ]

Plane, straight line, sphere

Unit-10 [ Probability ]

Trial, Sample point, Sample space, Event, Addition Theorem, Binomial distribution .

Unit-11 [ Statistics ]

Mean, Mode, Median, Deviation, Standard Deviation, Variance.

Unit-12 [Trigonometry]

Angles associated with 90, 180, 270, 360, compound angle formula, multiple angle formula, sub-multiple angle formula. Trigonometric equations, Inverse trigonometric functions. Circumference of a circle, length of the arc of a circle, area of a circle, sector and segment, area of a circular annulus, area sectional region, area of a segment, surface area and volume of a prism, right circular cylinder, cone and sphere.

Unit-13 [ Determinant and Matrix ]

Determinant, minors, co-factors, Cramer's rule, Matrix, singular, non-singular, transpose, adjoint inverse, solution of equations by Matrix method.

[ Child Development, Pedagogy, School Management and Evaluation ]

Unit-1 [ Child & Development ]

1. Growth and Development

Concept, Difference, Principle of Development, Factors affecting Development (Nutrition, Intelligence, Psychosocial, Deseases, Injury etc.)

2. Factors affecting different Developmental aspects

Cognitive, Social ( Erikson's Theory ), Emotional, Moral (Kohlberg Theory ), Language Development, Needs and problems at childhood and Adolescence

3. Approaches to Understanding the Nature of Intelligence

Psychometric approach (Thurstone, Guilford, Gardener), Information Processing Approach(sternberg), Cognitive Development Approach (Piaget), Social Constructive Approach (Vygotsky)

Role of teachers, parents and Community, Development of self concept of adolescents. Counseling Services for the adolescents.

Unit-2 [ Learning Process/Pedagogy ]

1. Understanding the learning Process

Learning as a process and an outcome, Approaches-Humanistic ( Karl Rogers), Constructivist (Piaget and Vygotsky), Basic conditions of learning : Readiness, Maturation, Motivation, Task and Methods.

2. Organising Learning

Teacher centric, Learner Centric, Learning centric, Characteristics and Process

3. Critical Pedagogy

Concept, Characteristics, Stages, Approaches

4. Addressing Classroom Diversity

Using varieties of TLMs, Using context of the learner, Using Variety of activities while group learning, small group learning, and independent learning, Adopting curriculum to the needs of children with special needs multilingual education.

Unit-3 [ Educational Management ]

1. Educational Management

Concept, Importance, Scope, Types of Management (Democratic, Autocratic, Centralized, Decentralized, Command and Control )

2. Management Structure at different levels

National, state, District, Sub-district (BRCs, CRCs, SMCs, SMDC)

3. School Development Plan

Concept, Purpose, Key actions : Head master, Teachers, Students, parents and SMDC. Setps in planning for School Development. Annual and Perspective Plan.

4. School-based Management

concept, Why school based management ?, objectives, Management of : ( curriculum, Physical Resources, Human Resources, Financial Resources, Community Resources ). Role of Headmasters, Teachers, Community.

Unit-4 [ Assessing The Learner / Performance (Evaluation) ]

1. Assessment and Evaluation

Assessment and evaluation in constructivists perspective. Concept, Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation, Formative, Summative and Diagnostic Assessment.

2. Assessment and Learning

Assessment of learning, Assessment for Learning, assessment as learning. Subject based learning in a constructivist perspective. Assessment tools and techniques : Projects, Assignments, Observation, teacher made tests. Self-assessment, peer assessment. Portfolios, rubrics.

3. Test Construction

Steps and principles of test construction, Development of blue print, Preparation of test items.

4. Recent Developments in Assessment

Grading, Assessment in co-scholastic area, Implementation strategy of continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation. Recommendations of NCF-2005.